Wool | Breeds of Sheep | Long Wool Breeds | Perendale

Perendale

The Perendale breed was created by Sir Geoffrey Peren at Massey University in New Zealand by crossing Cheviot rams over Romney ewes. The breed was developed post World War II, in response to declining production of Romney sheep and worsening soil conditions in the steep hills of North Island. The Perendale is a hardy dual-purpose sheep, which is well adapted for cold and rainy environments.

Perendale Farming

The Perendale is a prolific breeder. A cross with Merino produces exceptional offsprings. The mature body weight of a ram is 220-260 pounds and a ewe – 120-150 pounds. The animals are easy to farm as they have good predisposition, high fertility, and excellent maternal instinct. Dogging or excessive noise is not required in handling these sheep.

The Wool

A ewe wool is super white in color. The fleece is 28-37 microns in diameter with fine and regular crimp. The annual sheering produces a staple measuring 100-150 mm (~4-6 in) in length. The fleece weight is 3.0-4.5 kg (6.6-10 Lb). The fiber is perfect for spinning and felting. It is excellent for beginners.

The fiber is low in luster, springy and crisp, but not harsh. It is free of kemp and black fibers. Although tensile soundness is an important characteristic of wool, the Perendale wool may be tender due to the low in nutrients vegetation under the harsh farming conditions of the New Zealand’s hill country.

The fleece with very fine, almost indistinct crimp can be spun lightly to produce bulky garment with shape retention and good insulation properties. A tighter spin produces a round and hard wearing yarn with the same properties. A true worsted yarn that is smooth and dense cannot be produced from the Perendale fleece.

References:

  1. Wikipedia. Geoffrey Silvester Peren. [Internet]. [cited 2014 Sep 14]. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geoffrey_Sylvester_Peren Black and Coloured Sheep Breeders’
  2. Association of New Zealand. Perendale – a spinner's notes. [Internet]. [cited 2018 Sep 9]. Available at: http://www.colouredsheep.org.nz/spin/perendale.php
  3. The Spinning Loft. Perendale. [Internet]. [cited 2014 Sep 14]. Available at: http://www.thespinningloft.com/sheep-o-pedia/perendale/
  4. Perendale Sheep Society of New Zealand. The Perendale… [Internet]. [cited 2014 Sep 14]. Available at: http://www.perendalenz.com/about-us.html RaisingSheep.net.
  5. Perendale Sheep Breed Information. [Internet]. [cited 2014 Sep 14]. Available at: http://www.raisingsheep.net/perendale.html